The municipality of East Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
| The City of East Sarajevo
The City of East Sarajevo is local government that is consisted of several municipalities, territorially and economically interrelated, in which citizens directly, or through their freely and democratically elected representatives, take part in the realization of common interests.
City Council of East Sarajevo was formed on March 13 1993, with decision on establishment, the number: 02-023-01/93.
By the statutory decision on the establishment it is defined that East Sarajevo(Formerly known as Srpsko Sarajevo) is territorial-administrative unit of the Republika Srpska. Territory of 2,200 km2 covers municipalities of: Sokolac, Pale, Istočna Ilidža, Istočno Novo Sarajevo, Trnovo and Istočni Stari Grad, with the population of about 90 000 people.
The city is a legal entity and it has its coat of arms, flag and its „Slava“. The „Slava“ of the City is St. Petar Sarajevski Zimonjić. Building of administrative center is in East Sarajevo.
Geographic Location and Natural Characteristics of East Sarajevo
The East Sarajevo is located in the central and eastern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the eastern part of the Republika Srpska. The southernmost point of the city is located in the municipality of Trnovo, in village Kozja Luka, while the northernmost point is located in northeast of the village Gornji Drapnici in the municipality of Sokolac. The westernmost point is in the municipality Istočna Ilidža, at the foohill of Igman mountain, and the easternmost point is in village Točionik in the municipality Sokolac.
The total territory of East Sarajevo is 1425.77 km2.
The city consists of two parts, a larger northern section (1380.61 km 2) and significantly smaller southern sectin (only 45.16 km 2). The larger northern part extends in a direction North - South 12 - 42 km and East - West 26 - 42 km. The smaller southern part is extended in direction North - South (5 - 8 km), and East - West (5 - 9.8 km). These two parts of East Sarajevo are separated by the territory of the municipality Trnovo (FBiH) and the Sarajevo Canton.
The territory of the city, in terms of geographical regionalization, belongs to mountain - depression region, and also to subregions of Eastern Bosnia and Central Bosnia. In geomorphological sence, the city belongs to the inner Dinarides.
The city is bordered with a total of 13 municipalities. Border municipalities of the Republika Srpska are: Han Pijesak, Kalinovik and Rogatica. As for the Federation of BiH, the city of East Sarajevo is bordered with the municipalities of the Canton Sarajevo: Sarajevo - Stari Grad, Sarajevo - Novi Grad, Sarajevo - Novo Sarajevo, Sarajevo - Centar, Ilijaš, Ilidža, Trnovo (FbiH), Olovo municipality of Zenica - Doboj Canton and Pale - Praca and Foca – Ustikolina municipalities from Bosnan Podrinje Canton.
Four major highways with Serbia and Montenegro are passing through the city: Sarajevo - Sokolac - Zvornik – Loznica, Sarajevo - Sokolac - Rogatica - Višegrad - Užice, Sarajevo - Pale - Goražde - Višegrad - Užice, Sarajevo - Trnovo - Dobro Polje - Foča - Montenegro.
There is no railway traffic in the city. The nearest railway station is the central railway station in Sarajevo, and the nearest railway is the railway Zenica - Sarajevo - Mostar. A Narrow-gauge railway ,Sarajevo - Pale - Prača - Ustiprača - Višegrad – Užice, was passing through the territory of the city by 70's of the last century.
Sarajevo International Airport is almost on the border between the City of East Sarajevo and the municipality of istočna Ilidža.
Mountains Jahorina, Romanija, Treskavica, Trebević and Ozren are high and medium-high, dinaric mountains. These mountains are considered to be great challenge for skiers because its geographical location, ski resorts and extraordinary climate with plenty of snow. In the spring and summer these mountains, with its mild climate, offer a lot of possibilities for hikers, mountaineers, cavers, hunters, fishermen and top athletes.
Mountains are rich with drinking water. About hundred wells and springs are forming web, extending all the way to the rivers Miljacka, Željeznica, Prača, Vioštica, and Rakitnica. Clear and cold water of mountain streams and rivers is rich with fish, where most passionate fishermen can satisfy their passion. Mountains on the territory of the East Sarajevo are covered with high forest and filled with wild animals. Space of 1500 0000 acres is big hunting ground. Here can be found some protected species of plants and animals.
Sadly these natural beauties are endangered with indiscriminate disposal of waste. Very often waste is disposed near water sources, roads, settlements and trails for recreation, this represents threat for humans health, flora and fauna. Local landfills that are distributed among municipalities are not regulated properly and they do not treat dispose on proper way. Because of that there is idea and deal between municipality’s governments about forming one regional landfill which will meet international criteria for waste disposal.
Unplanned deforestation reduced amount of water from sources and increased soil erosion. Wastewaters are directly released in rivers, and it creates big problem, especially during the summer when water level is lower and wastewater makes 2/3 of all water flow.
Problems that East Sarajevo is facing, that as soon as possible must be solved, are:
- Construction of regional landfill on the territory of municipality Pale,
- Protection of water sources,
- Regulation of riverbed of river Rešetnica in the municipality Sokolac,
- Construction and setup of trim track on Jahorina,
- Procurement of equipment for measuring air pollution on the city territory.
Each of these problems is analyzed in details by municipality’s governments, and they gave some proposals and technical solutions. On the spot you can find out more about these problems in details.