The municipality of Niš, Serbia
|The City of Nis
Niš is one of the oldest cities in Europe. It is situated at the 43°19' latitude to the North and 21°54' longitude to the East, in the Nišava valley, near the estuary with the Južna Morava river. City of Niš has population of 260,000 and it is the third largest city in Serbia (after Belgrade and Novi Sad). The city is located 237 kilometers Southeast of Belgrade and covers an area of 597 km ², stretching along both banks of the NIšava river, which is the longest and water-richest river in the Southeast Serbia.
Like all other cities, Niš also faces problems of environment preservation and protection. Environmental protection in the City of Niš is based on the concept of sustainable development, harmonization of the use of space, with the possibilities and limitations of natural and created value (established regimes and protective measures), as well as the needs of economic development, based on the principles of prevention of environmental pollution, and principles of integrity. This means mandatory inclusion of environmental requirements into all plans and programs, as well as all planned activities and contents in the area.
Several priority issues deserve special attention.
Enhancement of investments in infrastructure - Without construction of the appropriate infrastructure in some key areas (waste waters, municipal waste, noise level reduction) it would be impossible to achieve the strategic goals.
Waste waters in Niš are discharged in natural watercourses and are the key environment pollution factor. The majority of the untreated municipal and industrial waste waters are directly discharged by sewarage and other systems into the Nišava river, as well as into the smaller watercourses. There is no municipal waste water treatment system in the City of Niš territory making the Nišava river main recipient of untreated sanitary and other waste waters.
Enhancement of WWM (Waste Water Treatment) in the City means building of the municipal waste water treatment plant that will prevent water pollution, as well as preserve and improve the existing natural values of water resources with the solution of the problem of waste water treatment.
Waste is also a big problem. Domestic waste is mixed with collected commercial waste (waste from shops, catering and other services), because there is no separate collection. There is no systematic and organized separation of recyclable materials from municipal waste in all municipalities. There are no reliable data on quantities of collected industrial waste.
The City landfill Bubanj, where the municipal waste from the City of Niš is still disposed has no features of sanitary landfill: the bottom of the landfill has no waterproof layer, there is no treatment of process waters from the landfill and all the collected process and stormwaters by canals flow downstream from the landfill, without any collection and exploitation of the landfill gas (LFG).
With the aim to improve the waste management system we need:
- To build regional landfill and finalize the commenced sanation, recultivation and closing of the existing landfill.
- To develop the waste management system that will provide the waste generation control, waste utilization and incentives for investments and affirmation of the economic potentials arising from the waste.
- To increase the scope of organized waste collection to 100%, and build the facilities for waste treatment and disposal and introduction of the system utilizing the waste resources..
Noise due to the traffic, like in other big cities is one of the biggest problems in the City of Niš. The economic development and increase of the standard of living in last decades had also an impact on the increase of noise level emitted by the increased traffic, construction works, industry, A/C devices. The common noise sources could also be restaurants, discotheques, craftmen shops, small enterprises, etc.
Aiming to improve monitoring and reduce exposure of people to the increased noise levels and vibrations we need:
- to make the the strategic noise maps
- to expand and modernize the noise monitoring system
- to improve the existing noise protection measures by adequate space and urban planning
- to reduce the noise level in the vicinity of roads and industries that have an impact on housing, education and health care implementing the noise protection measures – noise barriers