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Environmental Local Authorities InterBalkan Network - ELAIN
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The municipality of Tirana
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The municipality of Tirana, Albania

 The City of Tirana

Archeological vestige shows that the site of Tirana has been habitated since Neolithical time. Tirana became Albania’s capital city in 1920 and actually has a population of 600.000.

The city is host to many public institutions, public and private universities, and is the centre of the political, economic, and cultural life of the country.

Some of the pressing issues facing Tirana are loss of public space due to illegal and chaotic construction, unpaved roads in suburban areas, degradation of Tirana's Artificial Lake, an ever present smog, the construction of a central bus station, and lack of public parking space. Future plans include the construction of the Multimodal Station of Tirana and the tram line, rehabilitation of the Tiranë River area, construction of a new boulevard along the former Tirana Railway Station, and the finishing of the Big Ring Road.

The city suffers from problems related to overpopulation, such as waste management, high levels of air pollution and significant noise pollution. Over the last decades, air pollution has become a pressing concern as the number of cars has increased to over 300,000. These are mostly 1990s and early 2000s diesel cars, while it is widely believed that the fuel used in Albania contains larger amounts of sulfur and lead than in the European Union. Another source of pollution are PM10 and PM2.5 inhaled particulate matter and NO2 gasesresulting from rapid growth in the construction of new buildings and expanding road infrastructure. Untreated solid waste is present in the city and outskirts. Additionally, there have been complaints of excessive noise pollution. Despite the problems, the Big Park at the Tirana Artificial Lake has some effect on absorbing CO2 emissions, while over 25000 trees have been planted.